Expert Services

We provide technical assistance that is tailored to the unique needs and requests in each jurisdiction. This ranges from staffing government task forces, to holding confidential one-on-one meetings, to testifying before legislatures when asked. We also educate the public through speaking engagements, our Pleading the Sixth blog, and sharing what we know about the right to counsel so you can help fix the issue.

Government Technical Assistance

Speaking Engagements

  • May 16, 2024

    Commission on Indigent Legal Services Sioux Falls, South Dakota

    6AC Deputy Director, Aditi Goel, and 6AC Executive Director, David Carroll, present at the first state commission meeting on the state's constitutional obligations and where South Dakota's indigent defense system stands relative to the nation.
  • March 18, 2024

    Pennsylvania Commission on Crime & Delinquency, Indigent Defense Advisory Committee Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

    6AC Deputy Director, Aditi Goel, and 6AC Executive Director, David Carroll, present on state versus county obligations under the 6th Amendment and offer technical assistance on models for the dissemination of state indigent defense funding to local government.
  • February 29, 2024

    Ohio Indigent Defense System Task Force Columbus, Ohio

    6AC Executive Director, David Carroll, and Deputy Director, Aditi Goel, present on the recommendations of the Ohio State Bar and on state versus county obligations under the 6th Amendment.
  • January 3, 2024

    New Hampshire Judicial Branch Nashua, New Hampshire

    Deputy Director Aditi Goel presents to the New Hampshire judicial branch on the history of the right to counsel in America, and the court’s role in ensuring the right to counsel.
  • December 7, 2023

    Oregon Public Defense Commission Salem, Oregon – by videoconference

    Executive Director David Carroll and Deputy Director Jon Mosher present to the commission members of the newly created commission’s dual constitutional roles: protecting the defender system’s independence, and ensuring structural accountability through setting and enforcing minimum standards.
  • October 12, 2023

    Mississippi Legislature, House Judiciary B Committee Jackson, Mississippi

    Executive Director David Carroll leads off the first-ever legislative hearing about the current state of indigent defense services in Mississippi. Carroll presented the findings and recommendations from 6AC’s evaluation of Mississippi. Other participants: Andre de Gruy, State Public Defender; Hon. Prentiss Harrell, 15th Circuit Court; and Hon. Justice James Kitchens, Mississippi Supreme Court.
  • March 18, 2024

    Duke University School of Law Durham, North Carolina

    Senior Program Associate Lacey Coppage speaks on a panel to celebrate Gideon Day and discuss the state of indigent defense.
  • October 19, 2023

    Guam Symposium: “Gideon @ 60” Hagåtña, Guam

    Participants: 6AC's David Carroll, former Chief Justice and current Justice, Hon. F. Phillip Carbullido; Speaker of the House, Rep. Theresa Terlaje; Governor’s Legal Counsel, Jeffrey Moots; and former lawyer from the Public Defender Service of the District of Columbia, Jason Downs.
  • September 29, 2023

    Snohomish County Public Defender Association Everett, Washington

    Executive Director David Carroll and Senior Program Associate Lacey Coppage present the history of the right to counsel in Washington and how Washington’s indigent defense services compare to other states.
  • September 8, 2023

    Washington State Bar Association (WSBA) Council on Public Defense Seattle, Washington

    Executive Director David Carroll and Senior Program Associate Lacey Coppage present on the history of the right to counsel in Washington and how Washington’s indigent defense services compare to other states.
  • March 23, 2023

    Harris County, Celebration of the 60th Anniversary of Gideon v. Wainwright Houston, Texas - by videoconference

    Executive Director David Carroll participates in a panel discussion to talk about indigent defense reform. Other panelists include: Alex Bunin, Chief Public Defender in Harris County; The Honorable Judge Keith P. Ellison, Southern District of Texas; Allison Mathis, Supervising Attorney for Neighborhood Defender Services; and Brandon Ball, Harris County Public Defender Office.
  • March 20, 2023

    New Mexico Law Offices of the Public Defender, Gideon Day 2023 Webinar By videoconference

    Deputy Director Jon Mosher presents “Gideon at 60: A national perspective on the Status of the Right to Counsel,” comparing New Mexico’s recent and ongoing reform efforts to trends observed from 6AC studies of other states’ systems.

While a criminal trial is not a game in which the participants are expected to enter the ring with a near match in skills, neither is it a sacrifice of unarmed prisoners to gladiators.

— United States v. Cronic (1984)

That government hires lawyers to prosecute and defendants who have the money hire lawyers to defend are the strongest indications of the widespread belief that lawyers in criminal courts are necessities, not luxuries.

— Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)

We reject … the premise that, since prosecutions for crimes punishable by imprisonment for less than six months may be tried without a jury, they may also be tried without a lawyer.

— Argersinger v. Hamlin (1972)